What is the 4 Returns framework?

To create transformative change, we need a common language and a practical framework. 4 Returns is a science-based framework that is proven in practice. It transforms degraded ecosystems by focusing on 4 key returns over the course of a single generation, or 20 years. Here are some resources to introduce you to the 4 Returns framework. Learn about applying the 4 Returns framework in practice in the 4 Returns Guidebook.

Where can I start learning?

Find these and other courses in our courses page to learn about a landscape approach, regenerative agriculture, biodiversity, stakeholder engagement, landscape finance, and more. To learn about the 4 Returns framework, we recommend the courses 'A business approach to sustainable landscape restoration' and 'Business model innovation for sustainable landscape restoration'.

A Business Approach to Sustainable Landscape Restoration


24 hours over 8 weeks

doing business, restoring nature

No reviews

Business Model Innovation for Sustainable Landscape Restoration


26 hours over 8 weeks

doing business, restoring nature

No reviews

Principles of Sustainable Finance


4 weeks, in total 17 hours to complete

doing business, finding funds, governance and stewardship, restoring nature

No reviews

What are examples of the 4 Returns framework put into practice?

This is how some teams are putting words into action in landscapes around the world. Learn how they are applying the 4 Returns framework in different contexts.

A new Dutch polder landscape


Netherlands (Utrecht)

Active since: 2016

mobilising people

Rehabilitating the Langkloof and Baviaanskloof catchments


South Africa (Eastern Cape)

doing business, mobilising people, restoring nature

Caring for Country in Western Australia


Australia (Western Australia)

Active since: 2015

finding funds, inspiring community, learning and impact, mobilising people, partnering, regenerating farms, restoring nature

Landscape restoration in India


India (Chhattisgarh)

Active since: 2019

doing business, inspiring community, mobilising people, regenerating farms, restoring nature

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