LandMark is the first online, interactive global platform to provide maps and other critical information on lands that are collectively held and used by Indigenous Peoples and local communities. The global platform is designed to help Indigenous Peoples and communities protect their land rights and secure tenure over their lands. LandMark provides several categories of data to show the land tenure situation for Indigenous Peoples and communities, as well as potential pressures on their lands, changes in land cover over time, and their contributions to protecting the environment.
The following categories of data are available on LandMark:
- Indigenous and Community Land Maps are the boundaries of lands held or used by Indigenous Peoples and communities, including lands that are formally acknowledged by government and those that are held under customary tenure arrangements. Clicking on the boundaries in the interactive map provides additional information about the lands.
- Percent of Country Held by Indigenous Peoples and Communities are national-level data that represent the amount of land held or used by Indigenous Peoples and communities as a percentage of the country’s total land area, categorized by whether these lands are acknowledged by government or not.
- Indicators of the Legal Security of Indigenous Lands are national-level data that provide a snapshot of the legal security of indigenous lands based on a review of national land and resource rights laws for each country.
- Indicators of the Legal Security of Community Lands are national-level data that provide a snapshot of the legal security of community lands based on a review of national land and resource rights laws for each country.
- Assets are a group of data layers that represent the contributions and importance of Indigenous Peoples and communities to protecting the environment. Maps in this category are global in coverage and include: 1) Intact forest landscapes; 2) Aboveground live woody biomass density (i.e., carbon stored in trees); 3) and Soil organic carbon (i.e., carbon stored in the soil).
- Pressures are a group of data layers that depict the threats to indigenous and community lands from natural resource concessions (i.e., land grants to the private sector to extract natural resources) and infrastructure development. Data in this category include: 1) Mining concessions; 2) Oil palm concessions; 3) Managed forest concessions (i.e., timber extraction); and 4) Major dams. Maps of concessions are available only for select countries where data are available, while the map of major dams is global in coverage.
- Land Cover & Change are a group of data layers that show the best-available maps of land cover, tree cover and how it has changed over time. Maps are global in coverage and include: 1) Tree cover loss (annual loss from 2001-2015 and total); 2) Tree cover gain (total gain from 2001-2015); 3) Tree cover density for the year 2000 (represents a baseline year for tree cover loss and gain from 2001-2015); and 4) Land cover.
- Basemaps are a group of selecatable maps to use as backdrop for the other data layers on the platform. The available basemaps vary from street maps to terrain (relief) maps to satellite imagery.