A Landscape and Stakeholder Report is the result of a landscape and stakeholder analysis. To learn more about this, see the Module ‘Sharing an understanding of the landscape’ in the 4 Returns Guidebook. This is an example chapter layout of the report. Adding maps and pictures with good detail and descriptions, including location (GPS tag) and credits (sources) if possible, will help ‘ground’ the analysis (an image says more than a thousand words). The report on the analysis can double as a baseline report for MEL and communication purposes later and can eventually be developed into a Landscape Plan (see Module Creating a landscape plan).

  1. Executive summary
  2. Introduction/context of this research
    1. Introducing and defining the boundaries of the landscape
    2. What is the reason for doing this analysis
  3. Understanding the landscape
    1. Geology
      1. The geological formation, layers/sediments
      2. Elevation, contours, slopes
      3. Soils, topsoils
      4. …..
    2. Hydrology
      1. Rivers and lakes
      2. Coastline and estuaries
      3. Drinking water
      4. Watershed and sub-watershed boundaries
    3. Climate and weather patterns
      1. Current climate and micro-climate systems: rainfall patterns, temperature ranges, humidity
      2. Perceived climate changes
      3. Climate trend
    4. Ecology
      1. Biodiversity (flora and fauna)
      2. Soil
      3. Carbon
      4. Ecosystem services
    5. Population
      1. Relevant human history
      2. Demographics
      3. Cultural and local institutions
    6. Economy
      1. National economy
      2. Regional/local economy
      3. Land use
      4. Fisheries
      5. Agriculture
      6. Forestry
      7. Industry: land-based (mining, plantations, infrastructure like roads & dams & electricity & telecommunications)
      8. Industry: depending on natural resource-based produce (processing industry, trading, timber, water bottling)
      9. Finance and investments: banks, insurance, impact investors, CSR
      10. Retail, local and regional markets
      11. Tourism
      12. Other services
    7. Government and governance
      1. Political history
      2. Administrative boundaries (incl. national parks, and protected areas)
      3. Policy overview
      4. Government structure and institutions
      5. Land tenure situation
  4. Challenge and opportunity analysis
    1. Challenges
      1. Specific challenges connected to land degradation in the landscape
    2. Opportunities
      1. Specific opportunities for multiple value creation (4 Returns) and
        capturing in the landscape
  5. Proposal for ‘low-hanging fruit’ activities
    1. Out of the total list of potential interventions, which are small interventions that could be started tomorrow and start making an impact?
  6. Stakeholder mapping / existing initiatives: which groups/organisations have a stake, what is that stake, and what are they doing currently?
  7. Reference list

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