The new IUCN Global Ecosystem Typology is a comprehensive classification framework for Earth’s ecosystems that integrates their functional and compositional features. This new typology will help identify the ecosystems that are most critical for biodiversity conservation, research, management and human wellbeing into the future.

In this tool, you can:

  • Explore the Global Ecosystem Typology. Start by selecting a Realm of interest, then drill down to learn more about its Biomes and Ecosystem Functional Groups.
  • Analyse functional groups by area. Identify occurrence of functional groups by country or custom area.

The content for this website has been drawn from the IUCN Global Ecosystem Typology (v2.0). For more information about the background and methods of the tool, view the tool’s website.

View tool

1937 members are now active on 4returns.earth, connecting, sharing their field experiences, and creating new opportunities and initiatives together.

Join us by signing up as a member, or follow our work in the newsletter

Related Tools

All tools

Global soil biodiversity Atlas


academic article, educational tool

learning and impact, regenerating farms, restoring nature

No reviews

Integrated Landscape Management and the SDGs


educational tool

partnering, regenerating farms, restoring nature

No reviews



mapping & analytical tool

restoring nature

No reviews

Soil and Plant Ecology learning/teaching toolbox


educational tool

inspiring community, learning and impact, regenerating farms, restoring nature

No reviews

More related resources

Generation Restoration!


mobilising people, restoring nature

Conservation Evidence


academic article

learning and impact, restoring nature

No reviews

Landscape restoration in India


India (Chhattisgarh)

Active since: 2019

doing business, inspiring community, mobilising people, regenerating farms, restoring nature

The Faces of AlVelAl: José Andrés Martínez


Spain (Andalucía)

regenerating farms, restoring nature

Tag a friend?